2 EURO Coins | Portugal | Series 1



Portugal introduced the Euro in 2002 and the first sets were minted that same year. The above details relate to the first series dated 2002 to 2007.

DESIGN | The royal seal of 1144 surrounded by seven castles and five coats of arms which are also the main symbols of the Portuguese flag.

NATIONAL IDENTIFIER | "PORTUGAL", the name of the country.

MINT MARK | "INCM", the symbol of the "Imprensa Nacional – Casa de Moeda", the National Currency – Mint House, which is the official Portuguese mint situated in Lisbon.

ENGRAVER MARK | "VS", initials of Vítor Manuel Fernandes dos Santos, the engraver of the Portuguese 2 Euro coin.

EDGE INSCRIPTION | Symbols representing seven castles and five coats of arms.


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Portuguese flag and the seven castles and five coats of arms


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2 EURO Coins | Luxembourg | Series 1



Luxembourg introduced the Euro in 2002 and the first sets were minted that same year. The above details relate to the first series dated 2002 to 2007.

DESIGN | Effigy of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg, the head of state in Luxembourg since 2000.

NATIONAL IDENTIFIER | "LËTZEBUERG", meaning Luxembourg.


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Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg


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2 EURO Coins | Italy | Series 1



Italy introduced the Euro in 2002 and the first sets were minted that same year. The above details relate to the first series dated 2002 to 2007.

DESIGN | Dante Alighieri from Raphael's painting "Disputation of the Holy Sacrament". Dante, known as "il Sommo Poeta", meaning the Supreme Poet, is a world renowned poet author of the Italian literature masterpiece "Divina Commedia", meaning Divine Comedy. The design is a snippet from the mentioned painting which is housed in the Pope Julius II wing of the Vatican City palace. Dante can be spotted at the bottom right of the painting together with the representatives of the church.

NATIONAL IDENTIFIER | "RI", for "Repubblica Italiana", meaning Italian Republic.

MINT MARK | "R", the symbol of the "Zecca di Stato", the State Mint, which is the official Italian mint situated in Rome.

ENGRAVER MARK | "M.C.C.", initials of Maria Carmela Colaneri, the engraver of the Italian 2 Euro coin.


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Dante Alighieri
"Disputation of the Holy Sacrament" painting


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2 EURO Coins | Ireland | Series 1



Ireland introduced the Euro in 2002 and the first sets were minted that same year. The above details relate to the first series dated 2002 to 2007.

DESIGN | A cláirseach, a traditional Irish harp also used as the official seals of the taoiseach, the Irish government ministers and the president of Ireland.

NATIONAL IDENTIFIER | "éIRE", meaning Ireland.


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Cláirseach


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2 EURO Coins | Greece | Series 1



Greece introduced the Euro in 2002 and the first sets were minted that same year. In 2002 the Greek coins were minted in 2 different locations and as a result there are 2 variants of that year's coins. This was due to Greece's late entry in the eurozone. Post 2002 Greek coins were all minted in the same location. The above details relate to series 1.1 and 1.2 dated 2002 to 2007.

DESIGN | Scene from the mosaic known as "Europa and the Bull", which depicts a scene from Greek mythology when Zeus in the form of a bull abducts Europa to take her to Crete.

MINT MARK | As mentioned above in 2002 the Greek coins were minted in 2 different locations, either in Athens, Greece or in Helsinki, Finland. 2002 coins minted in Finland have 2 mint marks, a stylized acanthus leaf representing the Greek mint and an "S" representing the Finnish mint. 2002 coins minted in Greece and all post 2002 coins only have the Greek mint mark.

DESIGNER MARK | "ΓΣ", meaning GS, initials of Georges Stamatopoulos, the designer of the Greek 2 Euro coin.

EDGE INSCIPTION | "ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ", meaning Hellenic Republic.


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"Europa and the Bull" mosaic


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2 EURO Coins | Germany | Series 1



Germany introduced the Euro in 2002 and the first sets were minted that same year. The German coins are minted in 5 different locations and as a result there are 5 variants of their coins. The above details relate to series 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 and 1.5 dated 2002 to 2007.

DESIGN | The German eagle, the country's coat of arms which was adopted in 1950.

MINT MARK | "A" for coins minted in Berlin, "D" for coins minted in Munich, "F" for coins minted in Stuttgart, "G" for coins minted in Karlsruhe or "J" for coins minted in Hamburg.

EDGE INSCRIPTION | "EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT", meaning Unity And Justice And Freedom, followed by the German eagle. These words are the country's motto and the beginning of the national anthem.


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German eagle


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2 EURO Coins | Austria | Series 1



Austria introduced the Euro in 2002 and the first sets were minted that same year. The above details relate to the first series dated 2002 to 2007.

DESIGN | Effigy of Bertha von Suttner, an Austrian novelist and pacifist. She was a leading figure in the peace movement through the publication of her novel "Die Waffen Nieder!", meaning Lay Down Your Arms and later through her position of editor of the international pacifist journal with the same name. Bertha became the first woman to be a Nobel Peace Prize laureate when she won the prize in 1905.

NATIONAL IDENTIFIER | The Austrian national flag.


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Bertha von Suttner
Austrian national flag


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2 EURO Coins | Monaco | Series 1 A



Monaco is one of the 4 micro-states which although not part of the EU have agreed with the Union to use the Euro. Monaco introduced the Euro in 2002 and the first sets were minted in 2001. The Monegasque coins are minted in France and accordingly follow the French characteristic to inscribe the mint master mark on their coins which accordingly were slightly modified when the mint master changed. The above details relate to series 1 A dated 2001 to 2002.

DESIGN | Effigy of Prince Ranier III, the sovereign prince of Monaco between 1949 and 2005, the year of his death.

NATIONAL IDENTIFIER | "MONACO", the name of the principality.

MINT MARK | As mentioned above the Monegasque coins are minted in France. The mint mark is a cornucopia, the symbol of the "Monnaie de Paris", the Paris Mint. Although coins are not actually minted there anymore it is still the administrative body charged with issuing coins as well as producing medals and other similar items.

MINT MASTER MARK | A horseshoe, the symbol of Gérard Buquoy, the mint master between 2001 and 2002.


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Prince Ranier III
Principality of Monaco


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2 EURO Coins | Netherlands | Series 1 C



MINT MASTER MARK CHANGE | Vine branch and fruits, the symbol of R. Bruens, the mint master in 2001.



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2 EURO Coins | France | Series 1 B



MINT MASTER MARK CHANGE | A horseshoe, the symbol of Gérard Buquoy, the mint master between 2001 and 2002.



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2 EURO Coins | Netherlands | Series 1 B



MINT MASTER MARK CHANGE | A bow and arrow with a star, the symbol of E. J. van Schauwenburg, the mint master in 2000.



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2 EURO Coins | Spain | Series 1



Spain was one of the initial 5 nations to mint Euro coins and although the currency was introduced in 2002 the first sets were minted in 1999. The above details relate to the first series dated 1999 to 2007.

DESIGN | Effigy of King Juan Carlos I, the reigning king of Spain since 1975.

NATIONAL IDENTIFIER | "ESPANA", meaning Spain.

MINT MARK | The logo of the "Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre", the National Factory of Currency and Stamps.


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King Juan Carlos I
Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre


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2 EURO Coins | Netherlands | Series 1 A



Netherlands was one of the initial 5 nations to mint Euro coins and although the currency was introduced in 2002 the first sets were minted in 1999. Netherlands elected to inscribe the mint master mark on their coins which accordingly were slightly modified when the mint master changed. The above details relate to series 1 A dated 1999.

DESIGN | Effigy of Queen Beatrix, the queen regnant between 1980 and 2013 together with the words "BEATRIX KONINGIN DER NEDERLANDEN", meaning Beatrix Queen Of The Netherlands.

MINT MARK | A mercury wand, the symbol of the "Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt", the Royal Dutch Mint. Seated in Utrecht this entity is owned by the government and since 1807 is the only Dutch entity allowed to strike and give out coins.

MINT MASTER MARK | A bow and arrow, the symbol of Drs. Chr. van Draanen, the mint master in 1999.

EDGE INSCRIPTION | "GOD ZIJ MET ONS", meaning God Be With Us.


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Queen Beatrix
Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt


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2 EURO Coins | France | Series 1 A



France was one of the initial 5 nations to mint Euro coins and although the currency was introduced in 2002 the first sets were minted in 1999. France elected to inscribe the mint master mark on their coins which accordingly were slightly modified when the mint master changed. The above details relate to series 1 A dated 1999 to 2000.

DESIGN | A stylised tree contained in a hexagon symbolising life, continuity and growth. It is surrounded by the motto of the French Republic "LIBERTÉ EGALITÉ FRATERNITÉ", meaning Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.

NATIONAL IDENTIFIER | "RF", for "Republique Francaise", meaning French Republic.

MINT MARK | A cornucopia, the symbol of the "Monnaie de Paris", the Paris Mint. Although coins are not actually minted there anymore it is still the administrative body charged with issuing coins as well as producing medals and other similar items.

MINT MASTER MARK | A bee, the symbol of Pierre Rodiere, the mint master between 1999 and 2000.

DESIGNER MARK | "J. JIMENEZ", for Joaquim Jimenez, the designer of the French 2 Euro coin.


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Motto of the French Republic
Monnaie de Paris


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2 EURO Coins | Finland | Series 1



Finland was one of the initial 5 nations to mint Euro coins and although the currency was introduced in 2002 the first sets were minted in 1999. The above details relate to the first series dated 1999 to 2006.

DESIGN | A cloudberry, a fruit typical of the northern hemisphere which can withstand extremely cold temperatures even up to -40 degrees. The cloudberry is used to produce the Lakka (meaning cloudberry in Finnish) liqueur.

MINT MASTER MARK | "M", the symbol of Raimo Makkonen, the legendary mint master at the Mint of Finland who retired in 2008.

EDGE INSCRIPTION | "SUOMI FINLAND", meaning Finland in Finnish and Swede, the two official languages in Finland followed by 3 lion heads symbolic of the country's coat of arms.


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Cloudberry
Lakka liqueur


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2 EURO Coins | Belgium | Series 1



Belgium was one of the initial 5 nations to mint Euro coins and although the currency was introduced in 2002 the first sets were minted in 1999. The above details relate to the first series dated 1999 to 2007.

DESIGN | Effigy and monogram of King Albert II, the reigning constitutional monarch in Belgium since 1993.


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King Albert II
Royal monogram


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